Whether you’re trying to furnish your new BTO flat, or looking to replace an old washing machine, you will have many choices to consider. One of the biggest decisions to make is usually between getting a top load washer or a front load washer. But how do you decide between the two? And what are some key differences which make one more suitable for you than another?
Top Load Washer
Top load washers are washing machines which have been around for years. Top load washers come in many different sizes with those available locally being able to take loads ranging from 5kg all the way to 13kg. While their design is old, they usually have some modern features, such as colour wash, whites, delicates, and many other washing modes for your different laundry needs. Because of their relatively simpler functions, they are usually cheaper than front load washers. Top load washers generally take up less floor space than front-load washers, as you do not have to account for space to allow the door to open outwards.
The main difference between top load and front load washers is in the way they clean clothes. Top load washers make use of either agitators or impellers to create turbulence in the flow of water to clean the clothes.
Agitator in top load washers are used to create turbulent flow.
Because of this action, top load washers are generally less gentle on clothes and fabrics and are more likely to damage the fabrics. Top load washers however have shorter cycles, making laundry faster and easier for you. However, they tend to use more water and electricity due to their turbulence-based cleaning method, and the shorter cycle time means they fare worse than front-load washers in how well they clean your clothes.
Agitators and Impellers. Impellers are generally gentler on your clothes, but create less movement and are not as good at cleaning. (Taken from http://imgbaik.com/ideas/)
Front Load Washers
Front load washers have become more widely used over the past few years. This in part is due to the decrease in size of flats and the advancement of technology allowing more efficient cleaning of clothes with front load washers. While it is true that front load washers require more floor space than top load washers as their doors open outwards, these washing machines tend to be smaller in size and can fit right below a shelf in the kitchen or yard of your home. Front load washers have smaller drums, and this limits the size of washing loads you can put in each time. This means the maximum load you can fit in a front load washer is less than a top load washer, usually the maximum is about 9kg. With companies like Samsung pushing newer features in their front load washers, you tend to get more choices than with top load washers. This includes features such as adding clothes in mid-cycle, having different compartments for delicates and even combination of washer-dryer units. This also means front load washers tend to cost more than top load washers.
Front load washers take up less vertical space and can easily fit beneath a counter. (taken from https://www.decorpad.com/photo.htm?photoId=122225)
Front load washers have over the years been incorrectly labelled as being less efficient and worse at cleaning clothes than top load washers. While this may have been true in the past, it is far from the truth now. Front load washers are almost always out performing top load washers in cleaning tests, while using less water than top load washers.
The difference comes in how they clean, top load washers require the entire tub to be filled with the detergent solution, while front load washers make use of the turning of the tub and tumbling of the clothes to clean.
Vanes are used in front load washers to assist the mixing of clothes and detergent solution (Taken from https://www.digitaltrends.com/home/front-load-vs-top-load-washer/)
The lack of agitators also makes front load washers gentler on clothes and prevents your delicates from being damaged as easily. The cycle time for front load washers tend to be much longer and so you would be spending more time doing laundry than if you used a top load washer.
Less water used
More water used
Longer (Up to >1 hour)
Shorter (30 – 50 minutes)
Larger (up to 13kg)
Smaller (up to 9kg)
Shorter, requires more floor space
Taller, requires less floor space
Gentler cleaning method with better cleaning performance
Rougher cleaning method with worse cleaning performance
More advanced features (add wash, split cycle, dryer function)